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A “New Europe”?

A “New Europe”?

Chapter:
(p.199) Chapter Six A “New Europe”?
Source:
Between States
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804759861.003.0007

This chapter tracks some of the events and phenomena that drew on wartime and prewar conceptions relating to the future of Transylvania. In so doing, it seeks to explain how and why the Transylvanian Question has persevered, and what forms it has taken since the collapse of Communism. It argues that in fashioning answers to the Transylvanian Question, twentieth-century state leaders mobilized myriad systems, institutions, and ideologies at both the national and European levels. Consequently, European institutions and ideas about Europe were forged in the fire of unresolved issues around minority rights, the nation-state, territoriality, and sovereignty left over from the nineteenth century, and the attempt to remake Europe after World War I. Statesmen and politicians in Hungary and Romania today have thus retained one of the most long-standing objectives of their predecessors: transforming the Transylvanian Question into a European concern.

Keywords:   Transylvanian Question, Communism, wartime, Transylvania, Europe, Hungary, Romania, minority rights, the nation-state, territoriality

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